How to apply the objectives of the Transport Integration Act (2010) when considering land use changes?
Land-use and transport planning are interdependent. Land-use activities produce and attract trips whilst the location and design of different land-use forms determines the distances people travel and the viability of public transport, cycling and walking facilities.
Recognising this interdependence, the Planning and Environment Act (PEA) 1987 is nominated as an interface legislation in the Transport Integration Act (TIA) 2010 because of its significant interface with the transport system.
Thus, Land Use and Transport Planning outcomes must start with a 'top-down' perspective and amongst other factors consider the transport system objectives and decision-making principles contained within the Transport Integration Act (TIA) 2010.
There are 6 objectives which at their core aim to produce a transport system that is sustainable and incorporates economic, social and environmental perspectives and priorities. The outcome aspired to is a dynamic network that can efficiently move people and goods, whilst improving quality of life.
When considering land use changes, successful application of the TIA (2010) objectives hinges on a 'triple bottom line' approach orientated towards community values and the effective integration of transport and land use to facilitate access to social and economic opportunities without of course detrimental effects to the environment.
To achieve this 'triple bottom line' outcome, a whole of system approach must be adopted that considers all factors that influence the land-use and transport interaction.
For example, patterns of development that maximise connectivity while minimising the need to travel for people and businesses tend to provide greater travel choice for the community. This understanding can be leveraged to bring out the best outcomes in a range of planning tools such as: land-use & urban planning, integrated transport planning, travel demand & access management and intelligent transport systems.
The objectives of the TIA (2010) should be applied constantly when considering land use changes through a whole of system approach. This will provide greater transparency between government, industry and community; as the paradigm shifts from private car oriented policy, to policy that plans for more sustainable transport modes, and increased integration between transport with land-use.
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